The 1980s witnessed a convergence of forces that saw the collapse of the apartheid government.
There was a marked increase in attacks launched by the ANC through its armed MK inside South Africa.
In response, the government initiated and escalated attacks on neighboring states, targeting mainly ANC safe houses and individual activists.
The formation of the United Democratic Front (UDF), COSATU and Mass Democratic Movement (MDM) piled pressure on the government inside South Africa as massive strikes, boycotts and township protests increased.
A change of attitude by the international community which saw the imposition of sanctions and the impending collapse of the Soviet Union forced the regime to the negotiating table.
As it became clear that apartheid was beginning to crumble, business delegations, white Afrikaner intellectuals, labour and political parties such as the PFP began to engage the ANC on the prospect of a peaceful transfer of power.
All three cadres are killed including two civilians.
This incident becomes known as the Silverton Siege.31 January, The Swiss government lodges an official protest with the South African government over the illegal activities of South African agents operating in Switzerland and liaising with anti-apartheid organizations.
The IUEF’s Director, Lieutenant-General Erikssen, resigns with effect from July 1980, his health having deteriorated particularly after the exposure of Craig Williamson.21 February, South Africa warns Mozambique it will not hesitate to strike back if Mozambique continues to shelter guerrillas conducting "murderous operations" and acts of sabotage against South Africa.
soon receives over 86,000 signatures and is supported by many organisations and leaders.
A Release Nelson Mandela Committee is formed with Nokukhanya Luthuli (wife of the late Chief Albert Luthuli) as patron.20 March, Zinzi Mandela expresses the spirit of the ‘Release Mandela’ campaign in a speech at the University of Witwatersrand when she says, “I have seen the anger of my people mounting.